Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Other Related Anxiety Disorders

water1Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD) is basically a false alarm or sense of threat that is very hard to resist acting on. At core, it can be a means of trying to manage the discomfort of uncertainty or anxiety. It can be a struggle with perfectionism, self-judgment or feeling overly responsible for the well being of others. It is characterized by obsessions, which are unwanted, repeated, intrusive thoughts, and compulsions, which are behaviors that are intended to decrease the discomfort caused by these thoughts. Compulsions (a.k.a. rituals) can be physical, such as washing or cleaning, checking, repeating behaviors or they can be mental or covert, such as excessive analysis, ‘figuring out loops’, reassurance seeking, or ‘thought-neutralizing’ strategies.

A disorder is not a personality defect or character flaw. A disorder is simply something that is at a level of severity that decreases or interferes with the quality of life. All of us have unwanted thoughts from time to time and rituals that are routines that save us time and energy. When this “normal” experience of coping with unwanted thoughts and rituals begins to impair functioning, causes severe anxiety, takes up significant time, and reduces the enjoyment from work, leisure, and relationships, it is then a dis-order. The good news is that this disorder is well understood and research over the years has provided us with safe and effective evidenced-based therapy approaches that can help people find freedom from the oppressive effects of OCD on their lives.

I use evidence-based therapies including exposure-response prevention (ERP), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness to help clients to interrupt the automatic, repetitive thought and behavioral cycles that OCD can set in motion. There is hope for re-gaining your mind and life so that you can experience the things in your life that are most important to you, rather than being distracted and controlled by OCD’s constant commands. I can support you in moving from a place of being a victim at the mercy of OCD to being empowered and in control of your own life.

Whether you struggle with behaviors that you can’t seem to stop, and/or thoughts that are out of control, there is help available.

It is difficult to find professionals who are truly skilled in working with OCD. Don’t go to anyone who doesn’t use evidence-based practices such as CBT and ERP in the forefront of their approach. Make sure that anyone you consider working with has specific training in OCD therapy.

Below is a link to the International OCD Foundation website where you can find professionals in other geographic areas who specialize in work with this issue and related disorders. You can also find more information on OCD and events and ways to connect with others who struggle with it too.

https://iocdf.org/

Common OCD and Related Concerns That I Treat:

Contamination OCD

Common obsessions: fear of germs, repulsion to uncleanliness, chemicals, or other “contaminants”

Common compulsions: excessive washing, cleaning, reassurance-seeking and avoiding related to risks of contamination.

Hyper-responsibility OCD and Harm OCD

Common obsessions: fear of making a mistake or causing a tragedy, fear of committing violence against self or others, fear of “snapping” (going crazy) and causing harm, intrusive violent thoughts

Common compulsions: excessive checking of light switches, stove, appliances, repetitive thoughts about whether one is a good or safe person, avoidance of situations or objects that could result in harm, avoidance of triggering media, mental review/checking of violent thoughts, reassurance.

Just Right OCD

Common obsessions: fear of not being able to tolerate specific feelings often related to perfection or order

Common compulsions: repeating routine behaviors, arranging/ordering, checking/repeating writing and reading, homework, or work tasks.

Hypochondria / Health Anxiety 

Common obsessions: fear of having or catching illnesses, perfectionism in relation to health or well being

Common compulsions: checking body for symptoms, excessive googling/researching symptoms, excessive reassurance seeking, avoidance of or over-reliance on medical professionals/procedures, excessive focus on maintaining healthy life practices.

Sexual Orientation OCD

Common obsessions: fear of changing sexual orientation or of being in denial of sexual orientation, intrusive sexual thoughts related to orientation

Common compulsions: checking for arousal in triggering situations, avoidance of triggering situations, excessive mental review of sexual themes.

Pedophile Obsessions

Common obsessions: fear of being sexually attracted to children or fear of being a sexual predator, intrusive thoughts about children with sexual content
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Common compulsions: checking for arousal in triggering situations, avoidance of triggering situations, excessive mental review of behavior around children, constant mental review of personality characteristics to reassure that one isn’t a pedophile.

Relationship OCD

Common obsessions: fear of being in the wrong or imperfect relationship, fear of not being in love with partner or choosing the wrong partner.

Common compulsions: checking for “love feelings”, avoiding triggering situations, excessive mental review of qualities of relationship, excessive rumination about whether a relationship or partner is right.

Religious and Moral Scrupulosity OCD

Common obsessions: fear of religious blasphemy or of exercising faith inadequately, fear of being morally imperfect.

Common compulsions: compulsive prayer, excessive review of religious concepts, avoidance of triggering situations, excessive attention to issues of honesty or morality, excessive mental review of perceived mistakes, excessive scrutiny of one’s moral character.

Hyper-awareness OCD

Common obsessions: fear of not being able to stop attending to breathing, blinking, swallowing, thinking, or other semi-voluntary behaviors/bodily processes
.

Common compulsions: checking for awareness, excessive distracting, reassurance seeking about symptoms or about what is normal, avoidance of body-awareness

Phobias

Common obsessions: focused fear of specific triggers, such as throwing up (emetophobia), small spaces (claustrophobia), open spaces (agoraphobia), specific animals or environments, needles or medical procedures.

Common compulsions: avoiding triggers directly or indirectly, various rituals designed to feel certain that triggers will not occur.

Social Anxiety

Common obsessions: fear of being evaluated negatively by others, fear of public speaking, being humiliated in public, fear of not being able to connect with others socially
.

Common compulsions: avoidance of social situations, mental review of social interactions, excessive comparison of self to others.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Common obsessions: fear of being unattractive or of having a physical deformity, imperfection or perceived pathology.

Common compulsions: excessive weighing, mirror checking, ritualized eating, checking of specific body parts, comparison of self to others.

Orthorexia

Common obsessions: Excessive worry about the effect of diet on health.

Common Compulsions: Avoidance of certain foods perceived to be harmful, overly strict dietary rules
Orthorexia is a relatively newly recognized disorder not yet included in the DSM. It is thought to be an eating disorder that has overlap or is possibly within the category of OCD. Below is a link to further information on Orthorexia

https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/orthorexia-nervosa

Panic Disorder

Common obsessions: presence of panic attacks and fear of having panic attacks.

Common compulsions: avoiding situations that could trigger attacks, avoiding environments that do not have easy escapes.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Common obsessions: excessive and impairing fear/worry associated with everyday issues such as work, finance, relationships and responsibilities, fear of becoming anxious.

Common compulsions: mental review, reassurance seeking, over-preparing, perfectionism, avoiding situations that may produce anxiety, attempted avoidance of thoughts related to worry areas.

Trichotillomania/Excoriation

Common obsessions: obsessive habit of pulling hair or picking skin and any other body-focused repetitive behavior including lip or cheek biting, or nose-picking, focusing on thoughts/feeling/sensations of discomfort and/or urges around hair, scalp or skin.

Common compulsions: hair pulling, skin picking, body-searching behaviors (for areas to pick, pull or bite), avoiding or over-checking in mirrors, camouflaging physical damage caused by pulling/picking, use of tools to aid in pulling/picking.

Click Here for more info

Below is a link to the website of one of my teachers who is a renowned expert in treatment, training and education on reversing the negative effects of anxiety in its many forms. You can also watch videos of his work to get an idea of how I work with these issues.

http://www.anxieties.com